THE NGORONGORO EXPERIENCEThe Ngorongoro Crater, is the largest extinct intact volcanic crater in the world.
THE LARGEST EXTINCT INTACT VOLCANIC CRATER IN THE WORLD
Ngorongoro is a Tanzanian must-see. The Ngorongoro Crater, is the largest caldera and volcanic crater in the world. While only covering 260 square kilometres, it boasts a rich diversity of eco-systems ranging from montane forest, grasslands, acacia forests, to wetlands. The diversity of this habitat makes it one of the top spots for wildlife watching in the world.
What makes this beautiful area so unique, is that there is a year-round supply of food and water available for animals, which means that there is no need for them to migrate during the drier season. This area enjoys a higher than average rainfall and the soil is very fertile due to volcanic ashes. The crater’s walls towering 600 meters above the crater floor also offers protection to its inhabitants.
This is one of the reasons why this is also one of the world’s last remaining areas where the endangered black rhino continue to breed and thrive naturally in the wild. Due to the increasing threat of poaching, these animals are however under constant watch by a ranger and accounted for.
NGORONGORO CRATER IS HOME TO OVER 30,000 WILD ANIMALS
Half of these are great herds of wildebeest and zebra, most of which remain year-round within the crater and do not join the Great Serengeti-Masai Mara Migration. It is not uncommon to see herds of buffalo of up to 2 000 together.
The area is also perfect for predators and here you will find one of Africa’s densest lion populations, as well as leopard, hyena and more. Buffalo, elephant, and hippos are also often seen.
Lake Magadi is an alkaline crater lake and is home to thousands of Flamingos and other birds. ’Magadi’ means “soda” in the Swahili language. This abundance of life in the crater is always awe-inspiring.
THE CONSERVATION AREA IS ALSO KIND TO ITS HUMAN POPULATIONS
Its carefully managed multiple land use philosophy ensures the peaceful co-existence of the Maasai and the natural environment, with about 42,000 Maasai peoples still living inside the conservation area.
The Maasai are also allowed to freely drive their cattle through the park. Domestic livestock do not pose a threat to the conservation of the area as there are enough land to feed both livestock and wild animals.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a protected area surrounding the crater and it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.